2023 Author: Bryan Walter | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-21 22:24
The scene of the battle of Ramses III with the "peoples of the sea". Drawing of the relief of the temple of Medinet Abu
Archaeologist Jesse Millek received the Sean Dever Prize for his work Sea Peoples, Philistines, and City Destruction: A Critique of the Sea Peoples' Destruction. This was reported on the official website of the Tübingen Institute.
In his work, Millek questioned the destruction of the Levantine cities by the "peoples of the sea." This concept included the Philistines, Phrygians, Achaeans, Danaans, Sherdans, Tirsen and other peoples living in the Aegean region.
The scientist investigated 16 excavation sites in Southern Levantia, which were allegedly plundered by the "Sea Peoples". An example is the city of Lachis, whose inhabitants, according to the tradition of the Old Testament, were destroyed by the army of Joshua.
Earlier excavations of the burned-down temple at Lachis suggested that the cause of its destruction was an attack by the Sea Peoples. However, Millek drew attention to the fact that at first all valuable things and religious attributes were removed from there. There were also no signs of vandalism. After the burning, nothing was built on this site. In this regard, Millek concludes that the place has retained its religious significance.
Ruined castle in Lakish
Until that moment, the inscriptions in the burial temple of Ramses III - Medinet Abu were considered evidence of the attack of the "peoples of the sea". Engraving on the walls in 1180 BC caused a lot of controversy. Jesse Millek, in his study, hypothesizes a coup d'état that took place in Levantine cities even before the arrival of the Sea Peoples.
Sea Peoples is of Egyptian origin. This is how the Egyptians called the northern peoples who came from the Balkans and Asia Minor. In the Egyptian texts of the XIV-XII centuries BC. SRDN (Sardis), TNJ (Danaans) are mentioned, in Medinet Abu there is information about the invasion of PLST (Philistines) and TKJR (Trojans).